Here are the manuscript preparation guidelines used as a standard template for all journals. Author must follow these instructions while preparing/modifying the article. When preparing your paper for publication, we strongly advise that you pay particular attention to your research methods, key results and language. Given that the manuscript must be written in English, if English is not your mother tongue we recommend that you have your paper proofread to ensure its accuracy and improve the language quality.

Manuscripts should be submitted by one of the author, who is listed in the manuscript through the online Editorial Managing System (EMS). While submitting the manuscript files through EMS, make sure your files are in Word or PDF (.pdf, .doc, .docx, .rtf) format.

If you face any difficulties login to our Editorial Managing System for the submission of manuscript, you can send it to our E-mail address

Criteria for Publication

  • New Discovery/ Originality
  • Importance of research in the respective field
  • Feature Prospective
  • Broad area of research
  • Rigorous methodology
  • Adequate evidence for its conclusions

Manuscript Preparation Guidelines

Manuscript Title

The title should be limited to 30 words or less and should not contain abbreviations. The title should be a brief phrase describing the contents of the paper.

Author's information

Complete names and affiliation of all authors, including contact details of corresponding author (Telephone, Fax and E-mail address*).

Note: The corresponding author should be marked with (*).


The abstract should be clearly written, well informative and briefly state the scope of the research. It should be citation free. The Abstract of the manuscript approximately 300 words, must be structured into separate sections and a short description of the study. Abbreviations should be avoided while writing the abstract.

Background: The purpose of the study.

Methods: How the study was performed and statistical tests used.

Results: The main findings.

Conclusion: Brief summary and potential implications.

Note: This necessary to keep a focus on title & abstract while writing the manuscript. The title & abstract are the most visible part of a manuscript while inviting a reviewer to evaluate the manuscript and database search. So the title & abstract must be as concise, accurate, informative and readable as possible.


A list in alphabetical order not exceeding ten words or short phrases, excluding words used in the title. All the keywords must be included in the content of the manuscript. (E.g. keyword 1, keyword 2, keyword 3...)

Units, symbols and abbreviations

Authors are requested to use the International System of Units for all measurements. The mathematical expressions should contain symbols, no abbreviations are allowed. If the paper contains many symbols, it is recommended that they should be defined as early in the text as possible.

Scientific names should be given the Latin names of each species in full, together with the authority for its name, at first mention in the main text. Subsequently, the genus name may be abbreviated, except at the beginning of a sentence. If there are many species, cite a Flora or checklist which may be consulted for authorities instead of listing them in the text. Do not give authorities for species cited from published references. Give priority to scientific names in the text (with colloquial names in parentheses, if desired).


This section should be written in a way that is accessible to researchers without specialist knowledge in that area and must clearly state and should include a summary of a search of the literature to indicate why this study was necessary and what it aimed to contribute to the field.

Materials & Method

The materials & method section should include the design of the study, the setting, the type of participants or materials involved, a clear description of all interventions and comparisons, and the type of analysis used, including a power calculation if appropriate. The references should be properly cited for the given published procedures. This section may each be divided by subheadings or may be combined. All the material should be shortlisted with required the quantity. If the materials are obtained from any laboratories, it should acknowledge properly in the manuscript. Generic drug names should generally be used, If the materials are obtained from any laboratories, it should acknowledge properly in the manuscript. The instruments or lab used for the experiment and their application details clearly explained.

Results and Discussion

This section may each be divided by subheadings or may be combined. The results section should provide complete details of the experiment that are required to support the conclusion of the study. This section should present clearly but precisely the experimental findings. Only results essential to establish the actual point of the work should be included. Numerical data should be analyzed using appropriate statistical tests. State the results and draw attention in the text to important details shown in tables and figures.

When preparing the discussion section we strongly advise that you pay particular attention to principal findings, a discussion of the validity of the observations, a discussion of the findings in light of other published work dealing with the same or closely related subjects, and a statement of the possible significance of the work.


This should clearly explain the main conclusions of the work highlighting its importance and relevance.

Competing interests

A competing interest exists when your interpretation of data or presentation of information may be influenced by your personal or financial relationship with other people or organizations. Authors must disclose any financial competing interests; they should also reveal any non-financial competing interests that may cause them embarrassment were they to become public after the publication of the manuscript.

Authors are required to complete a declaration of competing interests. All competing interests that are declared will be listed at the end of published articles. Where an author gives no competing interests, the listing will read 'The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests'.

Author's contributions

In order to give appropriate credit to each author of a paper, the individual contributions of authors to the manuscript should be specified in this section.

An 'author' is generally considered to be someone who has made substantive intellectual contributions to a published study. To qualify as an author one should:

  1. The substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data.
  2. Involvement in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content.
  3. Final approval of the version to be published. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group, alone, does not justify authorship.


If any acknowledgments are there, it should be included at the very end of the paper before the references. This section includes acknowledgment of people, grant details, funds, etc.

Authors should obtain permission to acknowledge from all those mentioned in the Acknowledgements section.

Funding/Financial Disclosure

The author should describe the sources of funding that have supported their work. Please include relevant grant numbers and the URL of any funder's Web site.


All references must be numbered consecutively, in square brackets E.g.: [1] or [1,5-7,28], in the order in which they are cited in the text, followed by any in tables or legends. Each reference must have an individual reference number. Authors are requested to provide at least one link for each reference.

Note: Only published or accepted manuscripts, datasets, clinical trial registration records and abstracts should be included in the reference list. Papers that have been submitted but not yet accepted should not be cited. Limited citation of unpublished work should be included in the body of the text only as "unpublished data". All "personal communications" citations should be supported by a letter from the relevant authors.


Upon submission of an article, authors are supposed to include all figures in the manuscript .doc, .docx, TIFF and JPEG format. All figures should be cited in the manuscript in a proper sequence (Figure 1, Figure 2). The legends should be included in the main manuscript text file at the end of the document, rather than being a part of the figure file. For each figure there should be legends and the figure also be discussed in the text of the manuscript.

Note: The responsibility of the author(s) to obtain permission from the copyright holder to reproduce figures or tables that have previously been published elsewhere.

Tables and captions

Tables submitted for publication should be included at the very end of the manuscript file (.doc, .rtf, .tex). Each table should be numbered and cited in sequence using Arabic numerals (i.e. Table 1, 2, 3 etc.). Tables should also have a title (above the table) that summarizes the whole table; it should be no longer than 15 words. Detailed legends may then follow, but they should be concise. Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.

Supplementary Files

We provide unlimited storage space for the author work, so that the author will not left out with any information to share with the scientific community (No page limit). We encourage authors to provide datasets, tables, Audio, video, or other information as supplementary files to support the research work. The supplementary file size should not more than 10 MB.

Supplementary files can be in any format, and will be downloadable from the final published article as supplied by the author. All supporting material will be subject to peer review.

Supplementary files should be named "Supplementary file 1" and so on and should be referenced explicitly by file name within the body of the article.

Supported Supplementary file formats

Additional documentation : PDF (Portable Document Format), PPT (Power Point Presentation)

Animations: SWF (Shockwave Flash)

Video : MP4 (MPEG 4)

Tabular data : XLS, XLSX (Excel Spreadsheet), CSV (Comma separated values)

Production and Reprint

After the final acceptance from the correspond manuscript handling editor and Editor-In-Chief, manuscripts are copyedited by our professional copyeditor. Once the article done with typeset, PDF proofs are generated and sent to author for final acceptance.

Authors will have free access to the full text (HTML, PDF and XML) of the article. Authors can freely download the PDF file from which they can print unlimited copies of their articles.

Note: Once the manuscript is accepted for publication, no major correction will allowed expect few minor correction.

Corrections will be allowed only: Errors in author names or affiliations, Figure & Table position in the final PDF, Errors to scientific fact, Typographical or minor clerical errors