Mak-Mensah Ephraim, Mills-Robertson Felix Charles
Agyeman-Duah Eric, HYDROCARBON-DEGRADING BACTERIA IN PETROLEUM-CONTAMINATED SOIL AT SUAME MAGAZINE(2017)SDRP Journal of Earth Sciences & Environmental Studies 2(3)
Accidental oil spill has been a global problem especially the oil producing developing countries. Bioremediation remains the best and safest option for eradicating these toxic substances from the environment. In this study, petroleum hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria associated with crude oil contaminated soils were investigated. Samples were taken from 3 different garages at 3 different soil depths (5, 10 and 15 cm) in Suame, a suburb of Kumasi and analyzed microbiologically. Colonies were isolated and cultured on nutrient agar covered with used engine oil to check for their hydrocarbon-degrading ability. The enumeration of the microbes for sites A, B and C were 1.695 × 107, 1.817 × 106 and 1.511 × 105 CFU/g respectively. Pseudomonas spp., Acinetobacterium spp., Bacillus spp., Aeromonas spp. and Micrococcus spp. were found to possess hydrocarbon-degrading ability. Thus, in this study, bacteria with hydrocarbon-degrading ability were found to inhabit engine oil-contaminated soils at Suame magazine in Kumasi, Ghana.
Key words: Petroleum hydrocarbons, Pseudomonas spp., Acinetobacterium spp., Bacillus spp., Micrococcus spp.
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