Validation and extended application of cellulose microfibril swelling enzyme assay method to alkali induced swelling of cellulose

Co-Authors

Md. Azizul Haque, Mahfuza Akhtar, Abubakar Halilu, Han Dae Yun

Citation

Md. Azizul Haque, Mahfuza Akhtar, Abubakar Halilu, Han Dae Yun , Validation and extended application of cellulose microfibril swelling enzyme assay method to alkali induced swelling of cellulose(2017)Journal of Chemical Engineering And Bioanalytical Chemistry 2(1)

Abstract

Abstract: The aim of this study was to develop a simple colorimetric method to determine the swelling degree of cotton cellulose based on the UV absorbance shift of Congo Red (CR). To induce swelling, the cotton was treated with NaOH (0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 9, 10, and 12%) solution at -20 °C for 60 min. The FTIR analyses revealed that the 2 to 8% NaOH treated cotton were swollen and less crystalline by decreasing the strengths of cellulose inter and intramolecular hydrogen bonds. The swollen cotton cellulose (10 mg) adsorbed more CR molecule when stained using 1 mL CR solution (100 µM). The amount (?M) of CR adsorption on cotton was enhanced with higher degree of swelling. The study proposed 1 µM of CR adsorption enhancement on 10 mg of swollen cotton cellulose is equal to 1 unit of swelling. The swelling behavior of cotton cellulose was, validated by varying treatment temperature and time, reflected properly by this method. Therefore, it is a promising sensitive colorimetric method for the easy and rapid determination of the swelling degree of cotton cellulose.

Key words: Cellulose swelling, colorimetric assay, cotton cellulose, FTIR analysis, H-bonds, Congo Red.

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