[Cadmium Accumulation Characteristics of Four Herbs].

Affiliation

Chen D(1)(2), Li BQ(1), Yang YP(1), He ZR(2), Li X(1).
Author information:
(1)Germplasm Bank of Wild Species, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201, China.
(2)School of Life Sciences, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, China.

Abstract

A pot-based experiment was conducted to study the Cd tolerance and accumulation characteristics of four invasive herbs (Galinsoga quadriradiata, Panicum dichotomiflorum, Setaria geniculata, and Lolium persicum) under exposures of 0 (T0), 5 (T5), 25 (T25), and 50 mg·kg-1 (T50) soil Cd concentrations to screen for potential Cd accumulators for phytoremediation. The results showed that the biomasses of both shoots and roots of G. quadriradiata had no significant changes compared to the control (T0) samples under all Cd treatments, whereas the biomass of the other three Poaceae species significantly decreased under the T25 or T50 treatment. The results indicate that G. quadriradiata had stronger Cd tolerance than the other three species. The Cd concentrations in the shoots and roots of the four herbs significantly increased with an increase in soil Cd concentrations, but the shoot bioconcentration factors (SBCF) of the four plant species significantly decreased under T5, T25, and T50 treatment. The SBCF of G. quadriradiata and P. dichotomiflorum were greater than 1 whereas those of S. geniculata and L. persicum were lower than 1. The translocation factors (TF) of G. quadriradiata were 0.93, 0.73, and 1.04 under T5, T25, and T50 treatment, respectively, which were significantly higher than those of the other three plants under the same soil Cd concentration. In addition, both the total Cd and shoot Cd contents of G. quadriradiata were notably higher than in the other three species under the same Cd treatment. Moreover, 90% of the Cd in G. quadriradiata could be transferred aboveground, which was significantly higher than for the other three plants. Based on our comprehensive comparison of Cd tolerance and accumulation capacity, we suggest that G. quadriradiata is a high-Cd accumulator with considerable phytoremediation potential.