4-Aryl-5-carbamoyl-3-isoxazolols as competitive antagonists of insect GABA receptors: Synthesis, biological activity, and molecular docking studies.


Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Process of Ministry of Education, School of Chemical Engineering and Pharmacy, Wuhan Institute of Technology, Wuhan 430205, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]


Competitive antagonists (CAs) of ionotropic GABA receptors (GABARs) reportedly exhibit insecticidal activity and have potential for development as novel insecticides for overcoming emerging resistance to traditional GABAR-targeting insecticides. Our previous studies demonstrated that 4,5-disubstituted 3-isoxazolols or 3-isothiazolols are an important class of insect GABAR CAs. In the present study, we synthesized a series of 4-aryl-5-carbamoyl-3-isoxazolols and examined their antagonism of insect GABARs expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Several of these 3-isoxazolols exhibited potent antagonistic activities against housefly and common cutworm GABARs, with IC50 values in the low-micromolar range in both receptors. 4-(3-Amino-4-methylphenyl)-5-carbamoyl-3-isoxazolol (3u) displayed the highest antagonism, with IC50 values of 2.0 and 0.9 μM in housefly and common cutworm GABARs, respectively. Most of the synthesized 3-isoxazolols showed moderate larvicidal activities against common cutworms, with more than 50% mortality at 100 μg/g. These results indicate that 4-monocyclic aryl-5-carbamoyl-3-isoxazolol is a promising scaffold for insect GABAR CA discovery and provide important information for the design and development of GABAR-targeting insecticides with a novel mode of action.


3-Isoxazolols,Competitive antagonists,GABA receptors,Insecticidal activity,