A Comparative Study: Flow Cytometry, Complement-dependent Cytotoxicity, and Luminex Methods.


Izmir Katip Celebi University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biology and Genetics, Izmir, Turkey; University of Health Sciences Tepecik Education and Research Hospital, Tissue Typing Laboratory, Izmir, Turkey. Electronic address: [Email]


OBJECTIVE : The cell-based flow cytometric and bead-based Luminex crossmatch methods have been used alongside the standard complement-dependent cytotoxic crossmatch (CDCXM) test to detect donor specific anti-HLA antibodies. In this study, it was aimed to compare flow cytometric crossmatch (FCXM), CDCXM, and Luminex donor-specific crossmatch (LM-XM) tests for pre-transplant assessment of patients who applied to Tepecik Education and Research Hospital for kidney transplantation from related or deceased donors.
METHODS : HLA tissue typing of 1120 patients were tested using the sequence specific oligonucleotide probe method with low resolution. FCXM and LM-XM were performed according to the manufacturer's instructions. The CDCXM test was performed according to the standard procedure. The results were analyzed using SPSS version 21.0 software (IBM, Armonk, NY, United States). P < .05 was accepted as statistically significant.
RESULTS : FCXM, CDCXM, and LM-XM tests were performed on 58.2% (n = 652), 91% (n = 1019), and 55.4% (n = 620) of 1120 patients. There were statistically significant differences between FCXM/CDCXM, LM-XM/CDCXM, and FCXM/LM-XM (P < .0001), although there was also a moderate correlation between them (for class I, r = .599, r = .693, and r = .507; for class II, r = .546, r = .471, and r = .495, respectively). The results obtained according to donor type were compatible with the total study group.
CONCLUSIONS : The utilization of FCXM and/or LM-XM tests together with the CDCXM method before kidney transplantations from related and/or deceased donor may facilitate the determination of target cells of donor-specific antibodies or their antibody class, which may increase the success of transplantation.

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