A Review of Robotic Interventional Neuroradiology.

Affiliation

Beaman CB(1), Kaneko N(2), Meyers PM(3), Tateshima S(2).
Author information:
(1)Department of Neurology
(C.B.B.), Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, New York [Email]
(2)Department of Radiological Sciences
(N.K., S.T.), David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California.
(3)Department of Radiology and Neurological Surgery
(P.M.M.), Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, New York.

Abstract

Robotic interventional neuroradiology is an emerging field with the potential to enhance patient safety, reduce occupational hazards, and expand systems of care. Endovascular robots allow the operator to precisely control guidewires and catheters from a lead-shielded cockpit located several feet (or potentially hundreds of miles) from the patient. This has opened up the possibility of expanding telestroke networks to patients without access to life-saving procedures such as stroke thrombectomy and cerebral aneurysm occlusion by highly-experienced physicians. The prototype machines, first developed in the early 2000s, have evolved into machines capable of a broad range of techniques, while incorporating newly automated maneuvers and safety algorithms. In recent years, preliminary clinical research has been published demonstrating the safety and feasibility of the technology in cerebral angiography and intracranial intervention. The next step is to conduct larger, multisite, prospective studies to assess generalizability and, ultimately, improve patient outcomes in neurovascular disease.