A label-free electrochemical aptasensor based on the core-shell Cu-MOF@TpBD hybrid nanoarchitecture for the sensitive detection of PDGF-BB.

Affiliation

Li Y (1), Liu Z , Lu W , Zhao M , Xiao H , Hu T , Ma J , Zheng Z , Jia J , Wu H .
Author information:
(1)Key Laboratory of Magnetic Molecules and Magnetic Information Materials Ministry of Education, School of Chemical and Material Science, Shanxi Normal University, Linfen 041004, China. [Email] [Email]

Abstract

As one of the significant serum cytokines, platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) is a crucial protein biomarker overexpressed in human life-threatening tumors, the sensitive identification and quantification of which are urgently desired but challenging. Herein we report a novel core-shell nanoarchitecture consisting of Cu-based metal-organic frameworks (Cu-MOFs) and covalent organic frameworks (denoted as TpBD-COFs), which was used to prepare an aptasensor for the detection of platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB). The central Cu-MOFs function as signal labels with no need for extra redox media, whereas the porous TpBD serves as the shell to immobilize the PDGF-BB-targeted aptamer strands in abundance via strong interactions involving π-π stacking, electrostatic, and hydrogen bonding interactions. The proposed aptasensor based on Cu-MOF@TpBD can achieve a detection limit as low as 0.034 pg mL-1 within the dynamic detection range from 0.0001 to 60 ng mL-1. The hybridization of MOFs and COFs, together with the immobilization with the specific analyte targeted aptamer, provides a promising and propagable approach to prepare an aptasensor for the simple, sensitive, and selective detection of a specific biomarker in clinical diagnosis.