A multifunctional therapeutic approach: Synthesis, biological evaluation, crystal structure and molecular docking of diversified 1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridine derivatives against Alzheimer's disease.

Affiliation

Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Centre for Biomedical Research, University of Delhi, New Delhi, 110007, India. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

2-(piperazin-1-yl)N-(1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridin-3-yl)acetamides are described as a new class of selective and potent acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors and amyloid β aggregation inhibitors. Formation of synthesized compounds (P1P9) was justified via H1 NMR, C13 NMR, mass spectra and single crystal X-Ray diffraction study. All compounds were evaluated for their acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase inhibitory activity, inhibition of self-mediated Aβ aggregation and Cu(II)-mediated Aβ aggregation. Also, docking study carried out was in concordance with in vitro results. The most potent molecule amongst the derivatives exhibited excellent anti-AChE activity (IC50 = 4.8 nM). Kinetic study of P3 suggested it to be a mixed type inhibitor. In vitro study revealed that all the compounds are capable of inhibiting self-induced β-amyloid (Aβ) aggregation with the highest inhibition percentage to be 81.65%. Potency of P1 and P3 to inhibit self-induced Aβ1-42 aggregation was ascertained by TEM analysis. Compounds were also evaluated for their Aβ disaggregation, antioxidation, metal-chelation activity.

Keywords

AChE inhibitors,Amyloid β aggregation inhibitors,Docking,N-(1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridin-3-yl)acetamides,Selectivity,