A novel homozygous truncating variant of NECAP1 in early infantile epileptic encephalopathy: the second case report of EIEE21.


Department of Human Genetics, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, Yokohama, 236-0004, Japan. [Email]


We report the second case of early infantile epileptic encephalopathy (EIEE) arising from a homozygous truncating variant of NECAP1. The boy developed infantile-onset tonic-clonic and tonic seizures, then spasms in clusters. His electroencephalogram (EEG) showed a burst suppression pattern, leading to the diagnosis of Ohtahara syndrome. Whole-exome sequencing revealed the canonical splice-site variant (c.301 + 1 G > A) in NECAP1. In rodents, Necap1 protein is enriched in neuronal clathrin-coated vesicles and modulates synaptic vesicle recycling. cDNA analysis confirmed abnormal splicing that produced early truncating mRNA. There has been only one previous report of a mutation in NECAP1 in a family with EIEE; this was a nonsense mutation (p.R48*) that was cited as EIEE21. Decreased mRNA levels and the loss of the WXXF motif in both the families suggests that loss of NECAP1 function is a common pathomechanism for EIEE21. This study provided additional support that synaptic vesicle recycling plays a key role in epileptogenesis.

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