A systems biology approach to propose a new mechanism of regulation of repetitive prophylaxis of stable iodide on sodium/iodide symporter (NIS).

Affiliation

Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire (IRSN), PRP-SANTE/SERAMED, 92262, Fontenay-aux-Roses, France. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Our group showed that repetitive dose of potassium iodide (KI) for eight days offers an efficient protection for exposure to repeated radioactive emissions without adverse effects on adult rats. However, differential expression of genes implicated in Wolff-Chaikoff effect was observed. To understand the Wolff-Chaikoff regulation and its molecular constituents during repetitive administration of KI, a biochemical reaction network was constructed as a "geographical" map of the thyrocyte depicting iodide and thyroid hormone synthesis. Path analysis of the network has been performed to investigate the presence of a regulatory circuit of the node iodide to the node "nis transcription". NIS is responsible for the uptake of KI and plays an important role in the Wolff-Chaikoff effect. The map is a source for the most updated information about iodide and thyroid hormone metabolism. Based on this map, we propose a hypothesis that shows a putative mechanism behind NIS regulation and KI uptake.

Keywords

NIS,Network,Potassium iodide,Repeated prophylaxis,Systems biology,Thyroid gland,Thyroid hormones,Wolff-Chaikoff effect,