Gao J (1), Wei J , Wang Y , Li Z , Ma L , Meng X , Wang Z . Author information:
(1)State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Changchun Institute of
Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, 130022, P. R. China.
In vitro detection of low abundance biomolecules including microRNAs (miRNAs) is essential to biological research and early clinical diagnosis. In this work, a versatile magnetic bead (MB)-based flow cytometric assay was developed for the detection of hsa-miR-221-3p, which is strongly associated with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). In the presence of hsa-miR-221-3p, the complementary DNA probe attached to the surface of MBs is hybridized with the target to form DNA/RNA heteroduplexes. After the recognition of the DNA/RNA heteroduplexes by PicoGreen, the fluorescence signals of each MB were readily detected using a flow cytometer. This assay can selectively detect hsa-miR-221-3p with a detection limit of 2.1 pM. The practicality of the assay is demonstrated by the discrimination of thyroid cancer tissues from normal tissues, and a satisfactory result is obtained. Moreover, this assay can be rapidly carried out in one step at room temperature, providing a generic method for the sensitive detection of miRNAs in molecular diagnosis.
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