A versatile synthesis of αGalCer and its analogues exploiting a cyclic carbonate as phytosphingosine 3,4-diol protecting group.


Dipartimento di Scienze del Farmaco, Università del Piemonte Orientale, L. go Donegani 2, 28100, Novara, Italy. Electronic address: [Email]


A convenient synthetic strategy to αGalCer and some relevant analogues by using a handily protected phytosphingosine is reported here. The conversion of the phytosphingosine amino group to azide and the protection of 3,4-diol as cyclic carbonate group, cleavable in mild basic conditions but resistant to acidic treatment, afforded quickly an excellent glycosyl acceptor. Its glycosylation with a proper galactosyl donor, gave a versatile intermediate in high yield and excellent stereoselectivity. To demonstrate the potentiality of the intermediate, three immunologically relevant compounds were chosen as model targets: αGalCer, dansyl alpha-galactosylceramide and 7DW8-5. These products were easily obtained in few steps and high yields to validate the synthetic route.


Glycosphingolipids,Glycosylation,Phytosphingosine acceptor,α-Galactosylceramide analogues,