Action of iron chelator on intramyocardial hemorrhage and cardiac remodeling following acute myocardial infarction.

Affiliation

Physical Sciences Platform, Sunnybrook Research Institute, Toronto, ON, Canada. [Email]

Abstract

Intramyocardial hemorrhage is an independent predictor of adverse outcomes in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Iron deposition resulting from ischemia-reperfusion injury (I/R) is pro-inflammatory and has been associated with adverse remodeling. The role of iron chelation in hemorrhagic acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has never been explored. The purpose of this study was to investigate the cardioprotection offered by the iron-chelating agent deferiprone (DFP) in a porcine AMI model by evaluating hemorrhage neutralization and subsequent cardiac remodeling. Two groups of animals underwent a reperfused AMI procedure: control and DFP treated (N = 7 each). A comprehensive MRI examination was performed in healthy state and up to week 4 post-AMI, followed by histological assessment. Infarct size was not significantly different between the two groups; however, the DFP group demonstrated earlier resolution of hemorrhage (by T2* imaging) and edema (by T2 imaging). Additionally, ventricular enlargement and myocardial hypertrophy (wall thickness and mass) were significantly smaller with DFP, suggesting reduced adverse remodeling, compared to control. The histologic results were consistent with the MRI findings. To date, there is no effective targeted therapy for reperfusion hemorrhage. Our proof-of-concept study is the first to identify hemorrhage-derived iron as a therapeutic target in I/R and exploit the cardioprotective properties of an iron-chelating drug candidate in the setting of AMI. Iron chelation could potentially serve as an adjunctive therapy in hemorrhagic AMI.

Keywords

Hemorrhage,Inflammation,Iron chelation,Ischemia–reperfusion injury,Myocardial infarction,Myocardial remodeling,

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