Ag@MOF-loaded chitosan nanoparticle and polyvinyl alcohol/sodium alginate/chitosan bilayer dressing for wound healing applications.

Affiliation

Zhang M(1), Wang G(1), Wang D(2), Zheng Y(1), Li Y(1), Meng W(1), Zhang X(1), Du F(1), Lee S(1).
Author information:
(1)College of Environment and Safety Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266042, People's Republic of China; Shandong Engineering Research Center for Marine Environment Corrosion and Safety Protection, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266042, People's Republic of China; Shandong Engineering Technology Research Center for Advanced Coating, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266042, People's Republic of China.
(2)College of Environment and Safety Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266042, People's Republic of China; Shandong Engineering Research Center for Marine Environment Corrosion and Safety Protection, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266042, People's Republic of China; Shandong Engineering Technology Research Center for Advanced Coating, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266042, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

In this paper, Ag-Metal-organic framework loaded chitosan nanoparticles (0.1%Ag@MOF/1.5%CSNPs) and polyvinyl alcohol/sodium alginate/chitosan (PACS) were used as the upper and lower layers to successfully prepare a bilayer composite dressing for wound healing. The performance of bilayer dressing was evaluated. The lower layer (PACS) had uniform pore size distribution, good water retention, swelling, water vapor permeability, and biocompatibility while PACS had almost no antibacterial activity. The upper layer (Ag@MOF/CSNPs) possessed excellent antibacterial activity and poor biocompatibility. As the upper layer, it can avoid direct contact with the skin and inhibit microbial invasion. In addition, the bilayer can adhere to a large number of red blood cells and platelets, promoting blood coagulation and cell proliferation. Ag@MOF, CSNPs, Ag@MOF/CSNPs and bilayer showed antibacterial activity in ascending order, due to the synergistic antibacterial action of the upper and lower layer. In vivo evaluation showed that both bilayer and PACS could significantly accelerate the wound healing, and the bilayer dressing showed more complete re-epithelialization with less inflammatory cells. In summary, this new bilayer composite is an ideal dressing for accelerating wound healing.