An Androsterone-H(2) @C(60) hybrid: Synthesis, Properties and Molecular Docking Simulations with SARS-Cov-2.

Affiliation

Suárez M(1), Makowski K(2), Lemos R(1), Almagro L(1), Rodríguez H(3), Herranz MÁ(4), Molero D(5), Ortiz O(1), Maroto E(4), Albericio F(6), Murata Y(7), Martín N(4).
Author information:
(1)Laboratorio de Síntesis Orgánica, Facultad de Química, Universidad de la Habana, 10400, La Habana, Cuba.
(2)Departament of Surfactants and Nanobiotechnology, Institute for Advanced Chemistry of Catalonia
(IQAC-CSIC) and CIBER-BBN, Barcelona, Spain.
(3)Yachay Tech University, School of Chemical Sciences and Engineering, 100119-, Urququi, Ecuador.
(4)Departamento de Química Orgánica, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040-, Madrid, Spain.
(5)CAI RMN Universidad Complutense de Madrid 28040 Madrid
(Spain).
(6)School of Chemistry and Physics, University of KwaZul-Natal, Durban, South Africa.
(7)Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University Uji, Kyoto, 611-0011, Japan.

Abstract

We report the synthesis and characterization of a fullerene-steroid hybrid that contains H2 @C60 and a dehydroepiandrosterone moiety synthesized by a cyclopropanation reaction with 76 % yield. Theoretical calculations at the DFT-D3(BJ)/PBE 6-311G(d,p) level predict the most stable conformation and that the saturation of a double bond is the main factor causing the upfield shielding of the signal appearing at -3.13 ppm, which corresponds to the H2 located inside the fullerene cage. Relevant stereoelectronic parameters were also investigated and reinforce the idea that electronic interactions must be considered to develop studies on chemical-biological interactions. A molecular docking simulation predicted that the binding energy values for the protease-hybrid complexes were -9.9 kcal/mol and -13.5 kcal/mol for PLpro and 3CLpro respectively, indicating the potential use of the synthesized steroid-H2 @C60 as anti-SARS-Cov-2 agent.