Anatase TiO₂-Decorated Graphitic Carbon Nitride for Photocatalytic Conversion of Carbon Dioxide.

Affiliation

Department of Chemical Engineering, Feng Chia University, Taichung 40724, Taiwan. [Email]

Abstract

Three types of graphitic carbon nitride (gCN) nanosheets were derived from direct thermal condensation of urea, melamine, and dicyandiamide, respectively. As the sample (uCN) synthesized from urea exhibited porous morphology and highest surface area among other gCN, anatase TiO₂ nanoparticles were then in-situ deposited on uCN via solvothermal process without further calcination. The resultant Ti/uCN_x samples remained with higher surface area and exhibited visible-light activity. The derived band structure of each sample also confirmed its ability to photoreduce CO₂. XPS results revealed surface compositions of each sample. Those functional groups governed adsorption of reactant, interfacial interaction, electron transfer rate, and consequently influenced the yield of products. Carbon monoxide and methanol were detected from LED-lamp illuminated samples under appropriate moisture content. Samples with higher ratio of terminal amine groups produced more CO. The presence of hydroxyl groups promoted the initial conversion of methanol. The obtained Ti/uCN_0.5 and Ti/uCN_1.5 samples exhibited better quantum efficiency toward CO₂ conversion and demonstrated stability to consistently produce CO under cycling photoreaction.

Keywords

artificial photosynthesis,carbon dioxide,graphitic carbon nitride,titanium dioxide,