Department of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health Madison, 600 Highland Avenue, Room 6220, Madison, WI 53705-2281, USA. Electronic address: [Email]
Poor clinical results are seen with syndesmotic injuries in the setting of ankle sprains and ankle fractures. The goal of syndesmosis repair is to restore the normal anatomic relationship of the distal tibiofibular joint and prevent ankle arthritis. Indications for surgical intervention for isolated syndesmotic injuries include frank syndesmosis diastasis, medial clear space widening on plain radiographs, significant radiographic syndesmosis diastasis during stress examination, or subtle syndesmotic diastasis detected by arthroscopic evaluation. Complications after syndesmosis repair include symptomatic hardware, malreduction, and arthritis. Anatomic reduction of the syndesmosis leads to better outcomes following surgery.