Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar 125001, India; Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Central University of Punjab, Bathinda 151001, Punjab, India. Electronic address: [Email]
This work explored the potential of magnetic sawdust carbon nanocomposites for cationic dyes removal from aqueous medium. EDTA modified magnetic sawdust carbon nanocomposites (EDTA@Fe3O4/SC ncs) were prepared by biogenic green reduction and precipitation approach. The surface properties, structure and composition of nanocomposites were characterized by HRTEM, FESEM, XRD, EDX, BET, FTIR etc. The Fe3O4 nanoparticles were 10-20 nm in diameters and having 14 m2/g surface area. Removal of Methylene blue (MB) and Brilliant green (BG) dyes from aqueous medium was studied in batch mode experiments. The maximum removal was achieved at neutral pH 7.0 with in 30 min. Adsorption capacity of EDTA@Fe3O4/SC for MB and BG dyes was 227.3 mg/g and 285.7 mg/g, respectively. Dye adsorption behaviour is well explained by Freundlich model. The rate of cationic dye adsorption is explained by pseudo-second order model. The value of thermodynamic parameters confirmed that adsorption process was spontaneous and favourable. Desorption and reusable efficiency of nanocomposites was also evaluated.