Applying a new quantitative image analysis scheme based on global mammographic features to assist diagnosis of breast cancer.

Affiliation

School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

OBJECTIVE : This study aims to develop and evaluate a unique global mammographic image feature analysis scheme to predict likelihood of a case depicting the detected suspicious breast mass being malignant for breast cancer.
METHODS : From the entire breast area depicting on the mammograms, 59 features were initially computed to characterize the breast tissue properties at both spatial and frequency domain. Given that each case consists of two cranio-caudal and two medio-lateral oblique view images of left and right breasts, two feature pools were built, which contain the computed features from either two positive images of one breast or all the four images of two breasts. Next, for each feature pool, a particle swarm optimization (PSO) method was applied to determine the optimal feature cluster followed by training a support vector machine (SVM) classifier to generate a final score for predicting likelihood of the case being malignant. To test the scheme, we assembled a dataset involving 275 patients who had biopsy due to the suspicious findings on mammograms. Among them, 134 are malignant and 141 are benign. A ten-fold cross validation method was used to train and test the scheme.
RESULTS : The classification performance levels measured by the areas under ROC curves are 0.79 ± 0.07 and 0.75 ± 0.08 when applying the SVM classifiers trained using image features computed from two-view and four-view images, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS : This study demonstrates feasibility of developing a new global mammographic image feature analysis-based scheme to predict the likelihood of case being malignant without lesion segmentation.

Keywords

Classification of mammograms,Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD),Particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm,Quantitative image feature analysis,Support vector machine (SVM),

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