Appropriateness of intravenous immunoglobulin use in immune thrombocytopenia (ITP): A Canadian centre deep dive audit.


Division of Adult and Pediatric Hematology, University of Toronto, 190 Elizabeth Street, R. Fraser Elliott Building, 3-805, Toronto, ON, M5G, Canada. Electronic address: [Email]


OBJECTIVE : Assess the appropriateness of the use of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) for immune thrombocytopenia (ITP).
BACKGROUND : IVIG is suggested for ITP when a rapid increase in platelet count is desired or as first line therapy if corticosteroids are contraindicated. A recent Canadian audit of IVIG requests found a lack of compliance with provincial requirements and inadequate documentation of efficacy which led the authors to conclude that the use of IVIG was broadly inappropriate for all treated diseases.
METHODS : Retrospective review of patients with ITP who received IVIG at our institution over a one-year period.
RESULTS : 40 patients received IVIG for ITP over the study period for a total of 76 infusions. The most common indications for IVIG within currently accepted guidelines were: active bleeding (13, 17%), pre-operative or antepartum care (22, 29%), contraindication to corticosteroids (8, 11%), and requirement for antithrombotic or myelosuppressive therapy (5, 7%). Indications that fell outside of guidelines included use of IVIG as a diagnostic challenge where the etiology of thrombocytopenia was unclear. IVIG was generally well tolerated.
CONCLUSIONS : At our institution, use of IVIG for ITP was generally appropriate and carefully considered. Detailed utilization/knowledge data inquiries are required to develop tools and policies to enhance appropriate IVIG use in multiple settings.


Appropriateness,Immune thrombocytopenia,Intravenous immunoglobulin,Utilization,