Assessment of foliar dust deposition and elemental concentrations in foliar dust and long rows of grand tamarind leaves along two major roads of Coimbatore, India.

Affiliation

Subpiramaniyam S(1), Boovaragamoorthy GM(2), Kaliannan T(2), Krishna K(3), Hong SC(4), Yi PI(4), Jang SH(4), Suh JM(4).
Author information:
(1)Department of Bioenvironmental Energy, College of Natural Resource and Life Science, Pusan National University, Miryang-si, Gyeongsangnam-do, 50463, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: [Email]
(2)Department of Environmental Biotechnology, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, 620 024, Tamil Nadu, India.
(3)DRDO-BU Center for Life Sciences, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, 641 046, Tamil Nadu, India.
(4)Department of Bioenvironmental Energy, College of Natural Resource and Life Science, Pusan National University, Miryang-si, Gyeongsangnam-do, 50463, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

In this study, the concentration of foliar dust and 23 elemental concentrations in foliar dust and foliar tissues were studied using long rows of grand tamarind trees grown in two major roads in Coimbatore, India. Twenty-four sampling sites were chosen and categorized as urban (n = 5), suburban (n = 14), and rural (n = 5) areas based on the local population. In the case of foliar dust concentration, a significant difference was noted between the sites of urban (range between 3.06 and 6.68 μ/cm2) and suburban areas (range between 0.56 and 5.75 μ/cm2) but not for rural areas (range between 0.40 and 0.47 μ/cm2). When comparing the urban, suburban, and rural, either significantly or insignificantly, 17 elements (Al, Ba, Bi, Ca, Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Ga, In, K, Mg, Mn, Ni, Sr, and Zn) in urban and five elements (Ag, B, Cr, Na, and Pb) in suburban were higher. However, in the case of elements in tamarind laves, almost all elements except Na and K were higher in the urban area. Furthermore, the study results suggest that the elements in both foliage dust and in tamarind leaves are not evenly distributed between the sites of urban, suburban, and rural areas. This uneven distribution might be due to the construction being performed on a stretch of a four-lane highway during sampling, heavy transportation in three small junctions of suburban sites, and a rail over-bridge construction in one suburban site. However, comprehensive studies are needed to confirm this conclusion.