Atypical schwannoma of the median nerve. A case report.

Affiliation

Service de chirurgie orthopédique main-membre supérieur, hôpital Édouard-Herriot, place d'Arsonval, 69437 Lyon cedex 03, France. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Schwannomas of the hand are very rare tumors and represent less than 3% of all soft tissue tumors in the hand. These tumors share clinical, epidemiological and imaging characteristics with the other soft tissue and peripheral nerve tumors; thus, it can be difficult to make a preoperative diagnosis. Here we report the case of a 48-year-old woman who presented with a schwannoma arising from the palmar branch of the median nerve. The tumor measured 54 × 41 x 52 mm and was located in the thenar eminence. The first hypothesis was a vascular tumor. After surgery and histological analysis, the final diagnosis of an atypical schwannoma was established. The presence of shared immunohistochemical characteristics with cellular histiocytoma and myoepithelial tumors forced us to adopt an aggressive follow-up protocol. As of the last follow-up at 9 years, the patient had good clinical outcomes and no recurrence. This case highlights the difficulties encountered in clinical practice to diagnose such tumors.

Keywords

Atypical schwannoma,Cellular schwannoma,Hand tumor,Median nerve tumor,Peripheral nervous tumor,Schwannome atypique,Schwannome cellulaire,Tumeur de la main,Tumeur des nerfs périphériques,Tumeur du nerf médian,