Depletion of B cells attenuates plaque development and modulates T cell responses in mouse models of atherosclerosis, suggesting that Ag presentation by B cells may promote disease progression. Thus, we set out to determine the role of B cell-mediated MHC class II (MHC II) Ag presentation during atherosclerotic plaque development. We developed murine conditional MHC II deletion and expression systems under control of the B cell-restricted CD19 promoter in an experimental model of atherosclerosis. Mice lacking MHC II expression only on B cells exhibited systemic shifts in germinal center and marginal zone B cell populations, leading to a reduced Ab response compared with littermate control animals. However, all populations were present and normal cholesterol uptake was detected in the plasma following high-fat diet treatment. In a second model, in which conditional expression of MHC II is limited only to B cells, showed similar overall cellularity characteristics compared with mice with complete MHC II deficiency. High-fat diet feeding showed no major changes in atherosclerotic plaque size or plaque cellular content in either conditional deletion or conditional expression approaches, compared with control animals. By testing the necessity and sufficiency of MHC II on B cells in the progression of atherosclerosis, we determine that MHC II on B cells does not directly regulate lesion development in murine models.