Binding of peanut allergen Ara h 2 with Vaccinium fruit polyphenols.

Affiliation

Plants for Human Health Institute, Department of Food, Bioprocessing and Nutrition Sciences, North Carolina State University, North Carolina Research Campus, Kannapolis, NC 28081, USA. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

The potential for 42 different polyphenols found in Vaccinium fruits to bind to peanut allergen Ara h 2 and inhibit IgE binding epitopes was investigated using cheminformatics techniques. Out of 12 predicted binders, delphinidin-3-glucoside, cyanidin-3-glucoside, procyanidin C1, and chlorogenic acid were further evaluated in vitro. Circular dichroism, UV-Vis spectroscopy, and immunoblotting determined their capacity to (i) bind to Ara h 2, (ii) induce protein secondary structural changes, and (iii) inhibit IgE binding epitopes. UV-Vis spectroscopy clearly indicated that procyanidin C1 and chlorogenic acid interacted with Ara h 2, and circular dichroism results suggested that interactions with these polyphenols resulted in changes to Ara h 2 secondary structures. Immunoblotting showed that procyanidin C1 and chlorogenic acid bound to Ara h 2 significantly decreased the IgE binding capacity by 37% and 50%, respectively. These results suggest that certain polyphenols can inhibit IgE recognition of Ara h 2 by obstructing linear IgE epitopes.

Keywords

Ara h 2,Circular dichroism (CD),Food allergy,IgE binding,Molecular docking,Polyphenol,