Biocatalytic C-C Bond Formation for One Carbon Resource Utilization.

Affiliation

Yang Q(1)(2)(3), Guo X(1)(2), Liu Y(1)(2), Jiang H(1)(2).
Author information:
(1)Key Laboratory of Systems Microbial Biotechnology, Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Tianjin 300308, China.
(2)National Technology Innovation Center of Synthetic Biology, Tianjin 300308, China.
(3)University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.

Abstract

The carbon-carbon bond formation has always been one of the most important reactions in C1 resource utilization. Compared to traditional organic synthesis methods, biocatalytic C-C bond formation offers a green and potent alternative for C1 transformation. In recent years, with the development of synthetic biology, more and more carboxylases and C-C ligases have been mined and designed for the C1 transformation in vitro and C1 assimilation in vivo. This article presents an overview of C-C bond formation in biocatalytic C1 resource utilization is first provided. Sets of newly mined and designed carboxylases and ligases capable of catalyzing C-C bond formation for the transformation of CO2, formaldehyde, CO, and formate are then reviewed, and their catalytic mechanisms are discussed. Finally, the current advances and the future perspectives for the development of catalysts for C1 resource utilization are provided.