Bucky ball induces primordial germ cell increase in medaka.

Affiliation

Song P(1), Sun B(1), Zhu Y(1), Zhong Y(1), Guo J(1), Gui L(2), Li M(3).
Author information:
(1)Key Laboratory of Exploration and Utilization of Aquatic Genetic Resources, Ministry of Education, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China; International Research Center for Marine Biosciences, Ministry of Science and Technology, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China.
(2)Key Laboratory of Exploration and Utilization of Aquatic Genetic Resources, Ministry of Education, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China; International Research Center for Marine Biosciences, Ministry of Science and Technology, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China. Electronic address: [Email]
(3)Key Laboratory of Exploration and Utilization of Aquatic Genetic Resources, Ministry of Education, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China; International Research Center for Marine Biosciences, Ministry of Science and Technology, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Balbaini body (Bb) plays a vital role in germ plasm (GP) assembly and dorsoventral pattern, which is of critical important in germline specification and development. Bucky ball (buc) is reported to be essential for boosting primordial germ cell (PGC) through Bb in previous research. In the present study, a buc homolog (Olbuc) was identified in medaka (Oryzias latipes), and the roles of Olbuc on PGC development were further elucidated. The full length of Olbuc was 2148 bp, which contains a 1724 bp CDS (Coding sequence), a 167 bp 5' UTR (Untranslated region), and a 257 bp 3' UTR. By RT-PCR, the Olbuc RNA expression was maternally provided during embryogenesis and was restricted in the ovary of adult tissues. By in situ hybridization, Olbuc RNA was abundant in oocyte of meiotic stage, but gradually decreased as the oogenesis proceeded. Surprisingly, Olbuc was not co-localized with dazl, the marker gene of Bb. Interestingly, GFP can be specifically and stably expressed through the induction of Olbuc 3'UTR in PGCs. Furthermore, overexpression of Olbuc mRNA could increase PGC number and generate ectopic PGC in medaka and zebrafish embryos. In summary, our results showed that Olbuc performs a conserved function in PGC development in medaka.