COVID-19 and cardiovascular disease: a review of current knowledge.

Affiliation

Pal A(1), Ahirwar AK(2), Sakarde A(2), Asia P(2), Gopal N(2), Alam S(3), Kaim K(4), Ahirwar P(5), Sorte SR(6).
Author information:
(1)All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India.
(2)Department of Biochemistry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India.
(3)Department of Biochemistry, Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, New Delhi, India.
(4)Department of Ophthalmology, Indira Gandhi ESI Hospital, New Delhi, India.
(5)Indira Gandhi Hospital, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.
(6)Department of Physiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India.

Abstract

The uncontrolled spread of the COVID-19 pandemic which originated in China created a global turmoil. While the world is still busy figuring out a cure for the deadly disease, scientists worked out on many theories and conducted several studies to establish a relationship between the infection and other known diseases. Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are one of the major complications of this infection after the respiratory manifestations. Individuals with cardiovascular complication are said to be more susceptible to acquiring the infection because the novel coronavirus uses the ACE2 receptor for its entry inside the cell and there is a high level of ACE2 expression in individuals with cardiovascular complications because of the enzyme's anti-hypertrophic, anti-fibrotic and anti-hypertensive effects on the heart. Individuals who belong to the older age group are also more susceptible. Knowing the above information, it might seem that using ACE2 inhibitors would help to slow or prevent the entry of the novel coronavirus but it would also at the same time prove to have deleterious effects on the cardiovascular system as the protective functions of ACE2 would be lost. While the search for a cure still continues it has been stated many a times that the conditions might worsen with time and the only way to keep ourselves and our family safe would be to follow the appropriate social distancing methods and get a COVID test if we experience any of the major symptoms.