CRISPR-Pass: Gene Rescue of Nonsense Mutations Using Adenine Base Editors.

Affiliation

Fight against Angiogenesis-Related Blindness (FARB) Laboratory, Clinical Research Institute, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul 03080, South Korea; Department of Biomedical Sciences, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 03080, South Korea; Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 03080, South Korea. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

A nonsense mutation is a substitutive mutation in a DNA sequence that causes a premature termination during translation and produces stalled proteins, resulting in dysfunction of a gene. Although it usually induces severe genetic disorders, there are no definite methods for inducing read through of premature termination codons (PTCs). Here, we present a targeted tool for bypassing PTCs, named CRISPR-pass, that uses CRISPR-mediated adenine base editors. CRISPR-pass, which should be applicable to 95.5% of clinically significant nonsense mutations in the ClinVar database, rescues protein synthesis in patient-derived fibroblasts, suggesting potential clinical utility.

Keywords

CRISPR-Cas9,base editing,nonsense mutation,premature termination codon,stop codon read through,

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