Department of General Surgery, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, China; Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Tumor Hospital of Guanxi Medical University, Nanning, China. Electronic address: [Email]
COP9 signalosome subunit 5 (CSN5) has been involved in the progression of diverse human cancers. MMP2 plays an important role in the metastasis of cancer cells. However, the roles and relationship of in pancreatic cancer (PC) is still unknown. Here, our data shown that both CSN5 and MMP2 were significantly upregulated in PC compared with the corresponding adjacent tissues, where a positive correlation in their expression and associated malignant characteristics were found. Further, silencing of CSN5 expression markedly inhibited PC invasion and metastasis in vitro and in vivo, accompanied by decreased MMP2 expression. Moreover, the anti-metastasis role of CSN5 silence was reversed by MMP2 overexpression, whereas knockdown of MMP2 decreased PC metastasis driven by upregulation of CSN5. Further investigation revealed that CSN5 regulated MMP2 expression via activation of FOXM1 in PC cells. Mechanistically, CSN5 directly bound FOXM1 and decreased its ubiquitination to enhance the protein stability of FOXM1. Taken together, the results indicate that CSN5 can contribute to PC invasion and metastasis through activation of FOXM1/MMP2 axis.