Calcaneal Bone Graft Procedures: An Analysis of Postsurgical Complications.

Affiliation

Section Chief, Department of Podiatry, Department of Surgery, St. Elizabeth Health Center, Youngstown, OH. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to examine complications in patients who underwent bone grafting from the calcaneus between December 2001 and June 2010. This retrospective, single-practice study included 247 procedures in 242 patients, including 200 (82.64%) female and 42 (17.36%) male patients, ranging in age from 13 to 89 (median 49) years. Overall, the incidence of experiencing any form of complication was 2.43% (6 of 247); these included 5 (2.02%) feet that displayed donor site sural neuritis and 1 (0.41) that displayed a painful, hypertrophic scar at the donor site. The only statistically significant risk factor associated with the development of a calcaneal donor site complication was white race (being African American was protective). These findings indicate that procurement of autogenous bone graft from the calcaneus, as described in this report, is safe and dependable with a low incidence of complications, and irritation of the sural nerve is the most common complication associated with the procedure. Further clinical and long-term follow-up studies controlling for confounding variables need to be performed to fully determine the overall safety and efficacy of this procedure.

Keywords

autogenous bone graft,calcaneus,complication,donor site,hypertrophic scar,sural neuritis,