Cell factory models of non-engineered S. cerevisiae containing lactase in a second layer for lactose fermentation in one batch.

Affiliation

Panagopoulos V(1), Dima A(1), Boura K(1), Bosnea L(1), Nigam PS(2), Kanellaki M(1), Koutinas AA(3).
Author information:
(1)Food Biotechnology Group, Department of Chemistry, University of Patras, 26504, Patras, Greece.
(2)Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, Ulster University, Coleraine, Northern Ireland, UK.
(3)Food Biotechnology Group, Department of Chemistry, University of Patras, 26504, Patras, Greece. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

The objective of this project was to ferment lactose and whey to ethanol in one-step process. Models of cell factory of non-engineered S.cerevisiae have been proposed to ferment lactose. The cell factory of non-engineered S. cerevisiae/SG-lactase was prepared by the addition, of a starch gel solution containing lactase on non-engineered S. cerevisiae, and freeze drying of it. The 2-layer non engineered S.cerevisiae-TC/SG-lactase factory was prepared by immobilizing S. cerevisiae on the internal layer of tubular cellulose (TC), and the lactase enzyme was contained in the upper layer of starch gel (SG) covering cells of S. cerevisiae. Using such cell factory for the fermentation of lactose, alcohol yield of 23-32 mL/L at lactose conversion of 71-100%. The improvement in alcohol yield by cell factory versus co-immobilization of lactase enzyme and S. cerevisiae on alginates, was found in the range of 28-78%. Likewise, the cell factories are more effective than engineered S. cerevisiae. The fermentation of whey instead of lactose resulted in a significant reduction of the fermentation time. Freeze-dried cell factories led to improved results as compared with non-freeze dried. When lactase was substituted with L. casei, ethanol and lactic acid were produced simultaneously at high concentrations, but in a much longer fermentation time. The cell factories can be considered as models for white biotechnology using lactose containing raw materials. This suggested cell factory model can be applied for other bioconversions using the appropriate enzymes and cells, in the frame of White Biotechnology without genetic modification.