Characterization of chemical, molecular, thermal and rheological properties of medlar pectin extracted at optimum conditions as determined by Box-Behnken and ANFIS models.

Affiliation

King Abdulaziz University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Engineering, P.O. Box 80204, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

In this work, response surface methodology and adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system approaches were used to predict and model effect of extraction conditions of pectin from medlar fruit (Mespilus germanica L.). The pectin extracted at optimized conditions (89 °C, 4.83 h and 4.2 pH) could be classified as high methoxyl pectin. Sugar composition analysis showed that pectin was mainly composed of D-galacturonic acid, L-arabinose, L-rhamnose, D-galactose and D-glucose. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, RAMAN and nuclear magnetic resonance spectra confirmed molecular structure, revealing presence of D-galacturonic acid backbone. X-ray diffraction patterns revealed an amorphous structure. Differential scanning calorimetry showed endothermic (123 °C) and exothermic peaks (192 °C). Thermogravimetric analysis revealed three decomposition regions, 50-225 °C, 225-400 °C and 400-600 °C. Steady and dynamic shear analyses revealed that pectin had a pseudo-plastic behavior with storage (G') and loss (G″) modulus increasing with increment in frequency, indicating viscoelastic structure more predominantly elastic than viscous.

Keywords

Medlar fruit,Molecular, thermal and rheological characterization,Pectin extraction yield,RSM and ANFIS modeling,