Chrysophanol, an anthraquinone from AST2017-01, possesses the anti-proliferative effect through increasing p53 protein levels in human mast cells.


Department of Pharmacology, College of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, 02447, Republic of Korea. [Email]


OBJECTIVE : Natural products are well known as the source of drugs in the treatment of allergic inflammation. Chrysophanol, an anthraquinone from the AST2017-01 extract, showed a beneficial anti-inflammatory effect on activated human mast cells in our previous study. However, a regulatory effect of AST2017-01 and chrysophanol on mast cell proliferation induced by thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) remains unclear. The present study determined the anti-proliferative effect and the fundamental mechanism of AST2017-01 and chrysophanol in mast cells.
METHODS : We evaluated an anti-proliferative effect of AST2017-01 and chrysophanol in TSLP-stimulated human mast cell line, HMC-1.
RESULTS : Without cytotoxicity, AST2017-01 and chrysophanol decreased mast cells growth and Ki67 mRNA expression increased by TSLP. AST2017-01 and chrysophanol enhanced expressions of p53 and Bax, whereas inhibited expression of Bcl-2. AST2017-01 and chrysophanol restored caspase-3 activity which was decreased by TSLP. AST2017-01 and chrysophanol suppressed expressions of murine double minute-2 protein and phosphorylated-signal transducer and activator of transcription six which are associated with the regulation of p53 protein. AST2017-01 and chrysophanol decreased levels of interleukin (IL)-13, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α. Moreover, AST2017-01 and chrysophanol reduced mRNA expressions of TSLP receptor and IL-7 receptor α.
CONCLUSIONS : Therefore, this study proposes that AST2017-01 and chrysophanol may be promising candidates for the development of potent anti-inflammatory or health functional foods.


Chrysophanol,Mast cell,Murine double minute-2,Thymic stromal lymphopoietin,p53,