Department of Pediatrics, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, West South road 2, Yizhuang Economic and Technological Development Zone, Beijing, 100176, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]
OBJECTIVE : Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most common extracranial solid malignancy in children. Metastatic involvement of brain is rare in NB. This study was established to evaluate the clinical characteristics, treatment and prognosis of NB patients with brain metastases. METHODS : From September 2005 to December 2016, the clinical data of 15 cases with brain metastases among 264 NB patients admitted to Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University were collected and retrospectively analysed. The clinical features of the 15 patients were summarised, and the patients were grouped according to different treatment methods and followed up for a median time of 41 months. The survival curves were plotted, and the Log-rank test was performed to compare the effect of different treatment methods on the prognosis. RESULTS : The proportion of brain metastases in NB patients in our hospital is 5.68% (15/264). For the prognosis of 15 NB cases, the survival time of combined radiotherapy and/or autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation group was longer than that of simple operation and chemotherapy group (61.79 ± 9.59 vs. 30.00 ± 5.99 months, P = 0.03). Among the 15 patients, 4 cases underwent intracranial tumor resection, 4 cases received craniospinal irradiation, and the rest received maintenance chemotherapy. The 2-year survival rate was 82.2%, and the 5-year survival rate was 19.9%. The survival time of combined intracranial surgery and/or radiotherapy group was significantly longer than that of the chemotherapy group (46.67 ± 6.69 vs. 16.42 ± 1.42 months, P = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS : The incidence of brain metastases NB in children is relatively small, but the prognosis is very poor. Active chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery-based comprehensive treatment can prolong the survival time.