Clinical study of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt combined with AngioJet thrombectomy for acute portal vein thrombosis in non-cirrhosis.

Affiliation

Li Z(1), Zhang W(1), Jiao DC(1), Zhou X(1), Zhou P(1), Si G(2), Han X(1).
Author information:
(1)Department of Interventional Radiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou.
(2)Department of Interventional Radiology, the Affiliated Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, China.

Abstract

To evaluate the outcomes of the transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) combined with AngioJet thrombectomy in patients with noncirrhotic acute portal vein (PV) thrombosis.Retrospective analysis from January 2014 to March 2017, 23 patients underwent TIPS combined with AngioJet thrombectomy for acute PV thrombosis in noncirrhosis. The rates of technical success, the patency of the PV, liver function changes, and complications were evaluated.Twenty-three patients underwent combined treatment, with a technical success rate of 100%. Twenty-four hours after treatment, PV thrombosis grade was improved significantly (P = .001). Before and after treatment, Albumin (gm/dl), aspartate transaminase (IU/l), alanine transaminase (IU/l), and platelets (109/L) were all significantly improved (P < .05). Minor complications include hematoma, hematuria, and hepatic encephalopathy. After 1 week of treatment, computed tomography scan revealed 8.7% (2/23) cases of hepatic envelope hematoma (thickness less than 2 cm). Hemoglobinuria occurred in 18/23 (78.3%) patients after treatment and returned to normal within 1 to 2 days. Two patients 2/23 (8.7%) had transient grade I encephalopathy after TIPS. The 1-year overall survival rate was 100% (23/23). No major complications during treatment in all patientsAngioJet thrombectomy via TIPS has a favorable short-term effect in clearing thrombus and alleviating symptoms in diffuse acute PVT. The long-term efficacy of this treatment needs to be further studied.