Combination of breast imaging parameters obtained from 18F-FDG PET and CT scan can improve the prediction of breast-conserving surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in luminal/HER2-negative breast cancer.

Affiliation

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Centre Georges-François Leclerc, Dijon, France. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

BACKGROUND : The luminal/Human Epidermal growth factor Receptor 2 (HER2) negative subtype of breast cancer has low chemo-sensitivity. When neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is indicated in this subtype, before a possible breast-conserving surgery (BCS), it is more reasonable to target tumor shrinkage than complete pathological tumor response. We aimed to identify breast and tumor 18Fluoro-deoxy-glucose (18F-FDG) PET-CT scan imaging features for the early prediction of BCS after NAC in luminal/HER2 negative subtypes of breast cancer.
METHODS : Seventy-seven consecutive women with luminal/HER2-negative breast cancer for whom BCS was initially not feasible and NAC was prescribed, to decrease tumor size before surgery, were included retrospectively. An 18F-FDG PET-CT scan exam was performed before and after the first course of NAC.
RESULTS : After NAC, 36% (28/77) of women had a mastectomy and 64% (49/77) underwent BCS. Patients with a mastectomy had lower total breast volume (BVtotal) (p = 0.002), lower decrease in Δmetabolic tumor volume (ΔMTV) (p = 0.03) and lower SUVmax2 (p = 0.05). Using ROC Curve analyses to define the optimal predictive threshold of BVtotal (496 cm3) and ΔMTV (-17.1%), 3 subgroups of women with different odds of BCS after treatment were identified (p = 0.001): low, medium and high probability groups (respectively 29%, 62% and 82%).
CONCLUSIONS : For patients with Luminal/HER2 negative breast cancer, the combination of the imaging features of the tumor and the mammary gland, obtained with 18F-FDG PET-CT at baseline and after the first cycle of NAC, may allow the physician to evaluate the probability of BCS.

Keywords

Breast cancer,Chemotherapy,PET-CT,Surgery,

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