Comparative efficacy of biogenic zinc oxide nanoparticles synthesized by Pseudochrobactrum sp. C5 and chemically synthesized zinc oxide nanoparticles for catalytic degradation of dyes and wastewater treatment.

Affiliation

Siddique K(1), Shahid M(2), Shahzad T(1), Mahmood F(1), Nadeem H(2), Saif Ur Rehman M(3), Hussain S(4), Sadak O(5), Gunasekaran S(6), Kamal T(7), Ahmad I(8).
Author information:
(1)Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Government College University, Faisalabad, 38000, Pakistan.
(2)Department of Bioinformatics and Biotechnology, Government College University, Faisalabad, 38000, Pakistan.
(3)Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering and Information Technology, Rahim Yar Khan, Pakistan.
(4)Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Government College University, Faisalabad, 38000, Pakistan. [Email]
(5)Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Ardahan University, 75000, Ardahan, Turkey.
(6)College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, 53706, USA.
(7)Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials Research, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
(8)Department of Chemistry, University of Sahiwal, Sahiwal, Pakistan. [Email]

Abstract

Discharge of untreated textile wastewaters loaded with dyes is not only contaminating the soil and water resources but also posing a threat to the health and socioeconomic life of the people. Hence, there is a need to devise the strategies for effective treatment of such wastewaters. The present study reports the catalytic potential of biogenic ZnO nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) synthesized by using a bacterial strain Pseudochrobactrum sp. C5 for degradation of dyes and wastewater treatment. The catalytic potential of the biogenic ZnO NPs for degradation of dyes and wastewater treatment was also compared with that of the chemically synthesized ones. The characterization of the biogenic ZnO NPs through FT-IR, XRD, and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) indicated that these are granular agglomerated particles having a size range of 90-110 nm and zeta potential of -27.41 mV. These catalytic NPs had resulted into almost complete (> 90%) decolorization of various dyes including the methanol blue and reactive black 5. These NPs also resulted into a significant reduction in COD, TDS, EC, pH, and color of two real wastewaters spiked with reactive black 5 and reactive red 120. The findings of this study suggest that the biosynthesized ZnO NPs might serve as a potential green solution for treatment of dye-loaded textile wastewaters.