Comparison of Adrenal Tumor Size in Ultrasound Examinations with and without the Use of a Contrast Agent.

Affiliation

Department of Internal Medicine and Oncological Chemotherapy, School of Medicine in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, ul. Reymonta 8, 40-029 Katowice, Poland. [Email]

Abstract

Background and objectives: Patients diagnosed with incidentally found adrenal tumors (incidentaloma) that do not meet the criteria for surgical treatment require follow-ups with repeated imaging. The aim of this study is to compare the accuracy of the measurements of the adrenal tumor size in ultrasound (US) with and without contrast in comparison to computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance (MRI). Further, this study attempts to answer the question of whether contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) can improve imaging accuracy and replace CT/MRI in the monitoring of patients with adrenal tumors. Materials and Methods: The retrospective analysis included 79 adult patients with adrenal incidentalomas not exceeding a dimension of 6 cm who underwent a CT or MRI scan, US, and CEUS with the use of SonoVue in two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) projections and Doppler techniques. Tumor vascularization in CEUS was classified as follows: peripheral, peripheral-central, central, or poor. Results: Of 79 adrenal tumors, 48.1% showed peripheral, 29.1% showed poor, 21.5% showed peripheral-central, and only 1.3% showed central vascularization. The median volume of tumors detected with CEUS (69.9 cm3) was significantly higher than with US (44.5 cm3) and CT or MRI (57.1 cm3). The relative error of the adrenal volume with CEUS compared with CT or MRI was significantly higher than with standard US, regardless of the type of tumor vascularization. Conclusions: CEUS does not improve the accuracy of adrenal tumor size assessment regardless of the type of vascularization.

Keywords

CEUS,CT,adrenal incidentaloma,contrast,size,ultrasound,

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