Comparison of imaged capillary isoelectric focusing and cation exchange chromatography for monitoring dextrose-mediated glycation of monoclonal antibodies in infusion solutions.


Drug Product Science and Technology, Bristol-Myers Squibb, 1 Squibb Drive, New Brunswick, NJ 08903, United States. Electronic address: [Email]


Intravenous (IV) infusion of therapeutic proteins typically involves dilution of the formulated product into infusion media such as normal saline or dextrose, 5% m/v in water. We report results from a rigorous evaluation of imaged capillary isoelectric focusing (iCIEF) for monitoring dextrose-mediated glycation of proteins in IV infusion solutions. In addition to detecting stable Amadori glycation products, iCIEF was able to detect the labile Schiff base (SB) glycation adducts since the equilibrium with free dextrose is maintained on capillary. Method parameters such as sample dilution factor and ampholyte composition (but not urea) were found to influence the observed level of SB glycation adducts. The impacts of dextrose and urea on the apparent pI values are also reported. iCIEF results were compared with results from cation exchange chromatography, which was found to preferentially detect the more stable Amadori glycation products due to the on-column decomposition of the SB adducts resulting from the separation of the protein from free dextrose which in turn altered the SB adduct- free dextrose equilibrium. These results demonstrate the need for careful consideration when selecting the analytical methodology to investigate protein sensitivity to dextrose and to monitor protein stability in dextrose-containing infusion solutions.


Cation exchange chromatography,Imaged capillary isoelectric focusing,Infusion solution,Protein glycation,Schiff base,