The aim of the present study was to evaluate extractable (EPP), non-extractable polyphenols (NEPP) and organic acid in Roselle by-product, as well as its potential health beneficial effects in obesity control and their complication in rats fed with high caloric diet. Roselle by-product showed a higher content of dietary fiber and NEPP than Roselle calix, which was was a better source of EPP (P < .05). The UPLC-QTOF MSE analysis allowed the tentative identification of 34 EPP, and 3 hydrolysable polyphenols (NEPP), and 2 organic acids in calyx and by-product. Rats fed with a high caloric diet supplemented with 4% of dietary fiber from by-products and Roselle calyx powder generated a reduction in body weight gain (10% and 14%), adipocytes hypertrophy (17% and 13%) and insulin resistance (48% and 59%) and hepatic steatosis (15% and 25%; respectively) compared with rats fed with a high caloric diet alone. Interestingly, even though Roselle by-product has low EPP contents showed comparable beneficial health effects than Roselle calyces. These effects could be associated with high content of dietary fiber and NEPP. Together, the results of the present study indicate that Roselle by-products could be a potential ingredient to develop functional foods against obesity and its complications.