Chronic histiocytic intervillositis of unknown etiology (CIUE) is a non-infectious, most probably immunologic placenta lesion. CIUE is associated with recurrent miscarriage, intrauterine growth restriction and stillbirth. Among the pathologic-anatomic defined placental lesions this entity displays the highest risk of recurrence in following pregnancies (about 67-100%). The histiocytic cells accumulate in the placental blood space but do not infiltrate into the villi or decidua. Sparsely known is the expression profile of these intervillous cells regarding histiocytic markers.