Computer Simulation and Maxillary All-on-Four Surgery.


Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, Warren 1201, Boston, MA 02114, USA. Electronic address: [Email]


Maxillary all-on-four implant reconstruction requires training beyond normal dental implant training. It conjoins technical surgical acumen, anatomic and complex spatial relationship understanding, thorough awareness of dental prosthodontic principles, and excellent patient management skills. Acquisition of appropriate training to the level of competence in an era of greater patient expectations and increased vigilance for patient safety and overall quality of care is limited. Repeated purposeful practice in performing complex psychomotor tasks is of paramount importance in achieving competence. Surgical simulation may assist surgical learners to acquire familiarity with relevant anatomic variations, instrumentation, surgical techniques, and management of intraoperative and postoperative complications.


All-on-four,Clinical competence,Dental implant,Maxillary reconstruction,Resident education,Simulation,Surgical education,