BACKGROUND : Acetabular retroversion is a rotatory abnormality of the entire hemipelvis that includes anterior over-coverage and posterior deficiency of the acetabulum, and is associated with pincer-type femoroacetabular impingement and posterior hip instability. Acetabular retroversion is thought to cause posterior dislocation of the hip in athletes due to both the pincer-type femoroacetabular impingement and posterior hip instability. METHODS : A 26-year-old Japanese man had acetabular retroversion that induced recurrent posterior dislocation of his hip due to excessive hip flexion while wakeboarding. We performed anteverting eccentric rotational acetabular osteotomy using preoperative three-dimensional planning and an intraoperative computerized navigation system. Our patient was able to return to sports activities 1 year postoperatively. CONCLUSIONS : Both preoperative three-dimensional surgical planning software and an intraoperative navigation system can provide a highly accurate map for this complicated surgery that simultaneously improves the pincer-type femoroacetabular impingement and posterior deficiency of the acetabulum.