Controlled release of Mitomycin C from modified cellulose based thermo-gel prevents post-operative de novo peritoneal adhesion.

Affiliation

Department of Regenerative Medicine, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan,31151, Republic of Korea; Institute of Tissue Regeneration, Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan, 31151, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

The complications from surgery associated peritoneal adhesion can be alleviated by combination of physical isolation and pharmaceutical treatment. This work aims to develop thermo-sensitive hydrogel barrier by combining mitomycin C (MMC) with modified tempo oxidized nanocellulose (cTOCN) through EDC/NHS-chemical conjugation followed by integration with methyl cellulose (MC). The MMC was successfully combined with cTOCN and ensured controlled release of MMC from hydrogel throughout 14 days. Amount of MC (1.5, 2.5, 3.5% w/v) was proportional to gelation time and inversely proportional to degradation of hydrogel. The optimized hydrogel (C2.5T1M0.2) needed only 30 s for thermoreversible sol-gel (4℃-37℃) phenomenon and did not show in vitro fibroblast cells toxicity as well as ensured complete adhesion prevention efficacy, reperitonealization in rat side wall-cecal abrasion model. Overall, the developed C2.5T1M0.2 thermo-gel advances state-of-the-art in view of cytocompatibility, mechanical stability, optimum degradation, good injectability, sustain drug release from surgical sites, and satisfactory de novo anti-adhesion capacity.

Keywords

Adhesion prevention.,Methyl cellulose,Mitomycin C,Peritoneal adhesion,Tempo-oxidized cellulose nanofiber,Thermo gel,

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