Copper-dependent hydrolysis of trichloronate by turkey serum studied with use of new analytical procedure based on application of chiral chromatography and UV/Vis spectrophotometry.

Affiliation

Laboratorio de Neuroprotección, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Trichloronate is a racemic organophosphate, which has been used for the manufacture of insecticides. This compound induces delayed neuropathy in hen and humans. This study shows the Cu2+-dependent hydrolysis of trichloronate by turkey serum using UV/Vis spectrophotometry and chiral chromatography. The CHIRALCEL OD column and mobile phase of heptane allowed a resolution of 1.15 of its two enantiomers, while the liquid-liquid extraction showed a recovery of 95-98%. The optimum linear response was of 50 to 800 μM with a detection and quantification limit of 0.6 and 2 μM for (+)-trichloronate, and 0.7 and 2.3 μM for (-)-trichloronate. The levels of Cu2+-dependent hydrolysis (μM remaining concentration) quantified for 60 min at 37 °C and pH 7.4 were statistically higher (p ˂ 0.05) for (-)-trichloronate (65%) than (+)-trichloronate (32%). This stereoselective hydrolysis was confirmed by UV/Vis spectrophotometry using 2,4,5‑trichlorophenol as standard, each of the enantiomers (93-95% purity) collected by HPLC, as well as aminoantipyrine and ferricyanide reagents to yield a colored product. This method exhibited an optimal linearity (r > 0.99) and a higher Cu2+-dependent hydrolysis (p < 0.05) to (-)-trichloronate (47%) than its corresponding (+)-form (31%). This results shows the Cu2+-dependent stereoselective hydrolysis of a racemic OP in its thio form (P = S) by an A-esterase of the turkey serum through the development of a colorimetric method and optimization of an existing chiral chromatographic method.

Keywords

Chiral HPLC,Hydrolysis,Serum,Trichloronate,Turkey,UV/Vis spectrophotometry,