Current challenges in the development of new treatments for lupus.


Division of Rheumatology and Russell/Engleman Rheumatology Research Center, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA [Email]


Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease with a considerable impact on patients' quality of life. Despite the plethora of clinical trials for SLE since the turn of the millennium, only one new treatment has been approved for the condition, and the overall pace of successful drug development remains slow. Nevertheless, the myriad of clinical studies has yielded insights that have informed and refined our understanding of eligibility criteria, outcome measures and trial design in SLE. In this review, we highlight the achievements of clinical trials as well as the major pitfalls that have been identified in drug development for SLE and, in doing so, identify areas where collaboration and consensus will be important to facilitate progress.


autoantibodies,autoimmune diseases,lupus nephritis,systemic lupus erythematosus,