Cyclin-dependent kinase-mediated phosphorylation of the exocyst subunit Exo84 in late G1 phase suppresses exocytic secretion and cell growth in yeast.

Affiliation

Institute of Translational Medicine, China Medical University, Shenyang 110122, China [Email]

Abstract

In eukaryotic cells, the growth rate is strictly regulated for proper progression of the cell cycle. In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, it was previously shown that cell growth dramatically slows down when the cells start budding at the G1/S transition. However, the molecular mechanism for this G1/S-associated growth arrest is unclear. In this study, using exocytic secretion, cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) assay, immunoprecipitation, and microscopy, we demonstrate that the exocyst subunit Exo84, which is known to be phosphorylated in mitosis, can also be phosphorylated directly by Cdk1 in the late G1 phase. Of note, we found that the Cdk1-mediated Exo84 phosphorylation impairs exocytic secretion in the late G1 phase. Using conditional cdc mutants and phosphodeficient and phosphomimetic exo84 mutants, we further observed that Cdk1-phosphoryated Exo84 inhibits the exocyst complex assembly, exocytic secretion, and cell growth, which may be important for proper execution of the G1/S-phase transition before commitment to a complete cell cycle. Our results suggest that the direct Cdk1-mediated regulation of the exocyst complex critically contributes to the coordination of cell growth and cell cycle progression.

Keywords

G1/S cyclin,G1/S transition,cell cycle,cell growth,cell wall remodeling,cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK),exocyst,exocytic secretion,exocytosis,membrane tethering,membrane trafficking,mitosis,

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