DNA methylation regulates Microtubule-associated tumor suppressor 1 in human non-small cell lung carcinoma.

Affiliation

Epigenetics and Cancer Research Laboratory, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Group, Department of Life Science, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, Odisha 769008, India. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Microtubule associated tumor suppressor 1 (MTUS1) has been recognized as a tumor suppressor gene in multiple cancers. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the regulation of MTUS1 are yet to be investigated. This study aimed to clarify the significance of DNA methylation in silencing MTUS1 expression. We report that MTUS1 acts as tumor suppressor in non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). Analysis of in silico database and subsequent knockdown of DNMT1 suggested an inverse correlation between DNMT1 and MTUS1 function. Interestingly, increased methylation at MTUS1 promoter is associated with low expression of MTUS1. Treatment with DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) inhibitor, 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (AZA) leads to both reduced promoter methylation accompanied with enrichment of H3K9Ac and enhanced MTUS1 expression. Remarkably, knockdown of MTUS1 showed increased proliferation and migration of NSCLC cells in contrast to diminished proliferation and migration, upon treatment with AZA. We concluded that low expression of MTUS1 correlates to DNA methylation and histone deacetylation in human NSCLC.

Keywords

DNA methylation,DNA methyltransferase,Microtubule-associated tumor suppressor 1,Non-small cell lung carcinoma,