Daucovirgolides I-L, four congeners of the antimalarial daucovirgolide G from Daucus virgatus.

Author

Orazio Taglialatela-Scafati

Affiliation

Department of Pharmacy, School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Naples Federico II, Via D. Montesano 49, 80131 Naples, Italy. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Repeated chromatographic purifications of aerial parts of the Tunisian plant Daucus virgatus led to the isolation of four new germacranolides, named daucovirgolides I-L (2-5), along with the Plasmodium transmission-blocking agent daucovirgolide G. The chemical structures of the new compounds were defined as mono- or di-angeloylated germacrane-type sesquiterpenoids by spectroscopic (mainly 1D and 2D NMR) and spectrometric methods (ESIMS). The low potency exhibited by daucovirgolides I-L further supports the observation that strict structural requirements do exist for the Plasmodium transmission blocking activity in the daucovirgolide series. In particular, the endocyclic double bond system seems to be crucial for bioactivity.

Keywords

Antimalarial,Daucus virgatus,Germacranolides,NMR,Transmission-blocking,

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